Orthodontic Problems


There are many types of problems with the teeth and bite that orthodontic treatment can greatly improve. Usually patients will have a combination of several problems. Here are some examples of the most common orthodontic problems.

Crowding

The jaw is too small or the teeth are too large to be aligned. Teeth may be turned or blocked out of the arch.

Crowding

Spacing

Gaps appear between the teeth.

Spacing

Class II

The bite relationship is off in a horizontal manner with the upper teeth being more forward than the lower teeth. People sometimes refer to this condition as "overbite" although technically overbite refers to a vertical problem.

Class II

Class III

The bite relationship is off in a horizontal manner with the lower teeth being more forward that the upper teeth. This is also referred to as underbite and frequently patients will have a crossbite as well.

Class III

Deep Bite

The bite relationship is off in a vertical manner and the upper teeth overlap the lower too much.

Deep Bite

Open Bite

The bite relationship is off in a vertical manner and the teeth in the front do not overlap at all.

Open Bite

Crossbite

In a normal relationship, the upper teeth rest slightly on the outside of the lower. In a crossbite, an upper tooth is pushed inside the lower arch.

Single Tooth

Crossbite - Single Tooth

Posterior

Posterior Crossbite

Anterior and Posterior

Crossbite

Missing Teeth

When teeth are missing, the surrounding teeth may lean into the space so that replacement of the tooth with a dental restoration is impossible. With orthodontic treatment, the teeth are ideally aligned so that the space can be restored by the dentist with a bridge

Missing Teeth - Right Bridge

or an implant.

Missing Teeth - Implant

Sometimes orthodontic treatment can close the space and substitution of natural teeth can be used to create a pleasing and low maintenance result.

Missing Teeth - Canine Sub

Impacted Teeth

Some teeth fail to erupt and orthodontic treatment is necessary to bring them in after exposure.

Impacted Teeth - X-Ray Impacted Teeth